Shawarma is prepared from thin cuts of seasoned marinated lamb, mutton, veal, beef, chicken, or turkey. The slices are stacked on a skewer about 60 cm (20 in) high. Lamb fat may be added to provide extra fat for juiciness and flavor. A motorized spit slowly turns the stack of meat in front of a heating element, continuously roasting the outer layer. Shavings are cut off the rotating stack for serving, customarily with a long, sharp knife.
Spices may include cumin, cardamom, cinnamon, turmeric and paprika, and in some areas baharat.
Shawarma is commonly served as a sandwich or wrap, in a flatbread such as pita or laffa. It is often garnished with diced tomatoes, cucumbers, and onions, pickled vegetables, and tahini sauce or amba mango sauce.Some restaurants may offer additional toppings like grilled peppers, eggplant or french fries.Can be also cooked on charcoal to give a charming smoked taste